One of the most abused groups of drugs today is the painkillers. It is easy to take a painkiller get relief from pain when you have a mild headache or when you have muscle cramps due to some strenuous activities. However, many people do not know that painkillers also have some side effects in the long run. Some painkillers such as opioid painkillers are addictive, and they might end up cause some harmful effects on your body. Therefore, you need to make some careful consideration before you take a painkiller and here are some of the things that you need to know.
Painkillers exist in many types, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of them. NSAIDs has different brands which are available for retail such as Advil, Celebrex, Motrin and Voltaren which have been proved to be suitable for treating pains, inflammations, and fever. As much as these drugs are helpful in curing pain, they also have adverse effects on the body. In fact, various research institutions have revealed that painkillers increase the chance of a person to suffer from heart conditions after using the drug for long. Of all the NSAIDS tested, diclofenac has been cited as the most problematic one followed closely by ibuprofen. The availability of the painkillers over the counter makes them easily accessible to anyone without any restrictions of use. NSAIDs enhance the production of platelets whose excess quantities can block blood vessels thus hinder smooth blood circulation to all body parts. The drugs may also corrode the stomach linings causing ulcers and gastric inflammation.
The opioid is another group of painkillers that you must give a lot of focus, and it includes morphine, tramadol, Vicodin, and oxycodone. These drugs are powerful than NSAIDs, and they are mostly recommended for treatment of chronic pains which may include back pains. They are very effective in curing pain, and they bring relief after a short period, but their effects are adverse. They work by affecting part of the brain which has emotion receptors for feeling. Whenever you are in pain, you will not feel anything because the drugs interfere with pain signals to the brain and additionally, they are addictive. Patients who have been on these drugs do not respond to other mild painkillers, and in the absence of opioids, the patients would experience excruciating pain.
Medical assistance is necessary whenever you notice that you have a drug addiction and the response should be prompt to avoid adverse effects. Avoid taking strong painkillers without a medical prescription. Opt for physiotherapy and body stretching as an alternative to pain relief. Do not extend the use of painkillers above the period which the doctor stipulated.