You must know that the bunion is one type of foot deformity that would cause the joint at the base of the big toe to bulge outwards. This condition is characterized as a kind of lateral deviation of the metatarsophalangeal joint and such inward deviation of the big toe. There is actually no abnormal tissue or tumor growth in those bunions, the protruding bump would comprise mostly of the head of the first metatarsal bone.
The exact cause of the bunion is still not known. Using improper footwear can actually be one of the causes. Actually, there is a study showing that those in countries which often wear shoes like in the western countries have a great incidence of bunions. The people in those Asian countries would mostly use sandals and they were found to be less prone in developing bunions. Such could also be the primary cause of hereditary bunions because of wearing shoes for decades. The supporting structures of the feet would appear to weaken and this would cause this kind of foot condition.
The women are especially prone to bunions because of the chronic use of such ill-fitting shoes such as the tight pointy high heeled shoes. Such with leg length discrepancies, foot injuries and arthritis can form bunions too.
You must know that the obvious sign of the bunion is a bump at the joint which is at the base of the big toe. The bump may also form the base of the joint of your small toe and such kind of bunion is known as tailors bunion. In so many cases, the bunions don’t cause problems but if they do, they may cause a mild to severe foot pain.
The pain is the reason why a lot of patients are actually seeking medical treatment for bunions. However, when a patient has pain, it is irreversible and what can only be done is just pain management. This is actually the reason why preventive measures are quite important. When you suspect that you have a bunion or when you have a family history of this, then you should look for help from the podiatrist. Know that bunion is a kind of progressive condition and such is quite important to know. Know that bunion can really get worse with time. This means that wearing the right footwear can hasten the progression of this problem.
When talking of bunion treatment, you should know that when you have such painful bunion, this can actually be alleviated with the use of NSAIDs such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen and several others. The cold soaks may also help in relieving the acute bunion pains. There are also patients out there who actually find the warm soaks to be really helpful.